Vicia faba

Overview
GenusVicia
Speciesfaba
Common NameFaba Bean
AbbreviationV.faba

Faba bean is an annual legume that thrives in relatively cooler growing climates. It is one of the best nitrogen fixers among the grain legumes deriving up to 74% of its nitrogen from the atmosphere and leaving soil nitrogen balances positive (Amanuel et al., Biol Fertil Soils 32:353–359). Nutritionally, it is a good source of dietary fiber, protein, phosphorus, copper and manganese, and a very good source of folate. It is also very low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. Faba bean has an erect growth habit with stiff stems and long pinnate, gray-green leaves. The pods are long with a downy interior and contain 3-8 seeds. Faba bean is still often grown as a cover crop to prevent erosion, because they can overwinter and because as a legume, they fix nitrogen in the soil.

Properties
Property NameValue
Genome Size~13 Gb
Modal Chromosome Number2n = 12
Plant breedingReduction of vicine & convicine, seed size, low tannin, drought adaptation, resistance to Botrytis fabae (chocolate spot), increased yield, and earliness.
Seed phenotypelivestock feed and human consumption
Taxonomy cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae; Fabeae; Vicia
PloidyHaploid
Germplasm Data
The following germplasm data is currently available:
Stock TypeCount
Single Cross957
Triple Cross611
Individual308
Multiple Cross87
Backcross11
Double Cross5
Projects
Varieties