Phaseolus vulgaris

Overview
GenusPhaseolus
Speciesvulgaris
Common NameDry Bean
AbbreviationP. vulgaris

Dry Bean are high in starch, protein and dietary fiber, as well as being an excellent source of iron, potassium, selenium, molybdenum, thiamine, vitamin B6 and folate. Dry beans take longer to cook then most pulses, although cooking time can be shortened by soaking dried beans before cooking. Dry Bean is a highly variable species with growth habits ranging from bush varieties growing 20-60cm tall to vine varieties growing 2-3m long. While dry bean varieties range in growth habit all have characteristic green or purple alternate leaves and long pods containing 4-6 kidney-shaped seeds.

Properties
Property NameValue
Seed phenotypepinto, black, yellow, navy, red, pink, great northern, carioca, flor de junio, flor de mayo
Taxonomycellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae; Phaseoleae; Phaseolus
PloidyDiploid
Genome Size587Mbp
Modal Chromosome Number2n = 11
Principal Investigator
  • Kirstin E. Bett Kirstin E. Bett: Breeding lentil and dry (common) bean varieties and conducting related research in collaboration with colleagues.
Plant breeding

Size, shape and colour appropriate for market class, early maturity and, of course, yield. Marker-assisted selection for CBB and anthracnose tolerance.

Pre-breeding

Genetic variability underlies all breeding efforts. Sometimes you have to go outside the primary genepool to find increased levels of variability. Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) is known to contain genes for traits of interest to common bean breeders such as disease resistance, increased micronutrients, and tolerance to abiotic stress (heat, cold, drought). Interspecies hybridization between tepary and common bean has led to the development of introgression lines which are being assessed for various traits. Lines with interesting phenotypes may be used as parents in the regular breeding program.

Genetics

Post harvest darkening (PHD) is a phenomenon that occurs in seed coats during storage under less than ideal conditions (heat, humidity and light). PHD is controlled by at least two unlinked but epistatic genes: J and SD. All jj plants have non-darkening seeds; JJsdsd plants have slow-darkening seeds and JJSDSD plants have regular darkening seeds (Elsadr et al. 2011. Theor. Appl. Genet. DOI 10.1007/s00122-011-1683-8).

Germplasm Data
The following germplasm data is currently available:
Stock TypeCount
Single Cross1,864
Triple Cross1,082
Individual901
Multiple Cross897
Double Cross105
DNA103
Backcross76
Variety36
Population21
genomic_DNA7
Sequence & Variant Data
The following sequence and variant data are currently present:
Feature TypeCount
SNP133,107
genetic_marker133,107
SNP133,107
marker133,107
genetic_marker133,107
marker133,107
contig62,141
contig62,141
supercontig10,132
supercontig10,132
Projects
Varieties