Cicer arietinum

Overview
GenusCicer
Speciesarietinum
Common NameChickpea
AbbreviationC.arietinum

There are three main kinds of chickpeas: Desi, which has small, darker seeds and a rough coat; Bombay, which has slightly larger dark seeds; and Kabuli, which has lighter coloured seeds with a smooth coat. Chickpeas are an excellent source of the essential nutrients, iron, folate, phosphorus, protein and dietary fiber. Chickpeas are low in fat and most of this is polyunsaturated. Desi chickpeas have a markedly higher fiber content than Kabulis and hence a very low glycemic index which may make them suitable for people with blood sugar problems. The plant grows to between 20–50 cm high and has small feathery leaves on either side of the stem. Chickpea pods are short in length containing 2-3 seeds.

Properties
Property NameValue
Genome Size~740 Mbp
Modal Chromosome Number2n = 16
Principal Investigator
  • Bunyamin Tar'an Bunyamin Tar'an: Breeding chickpea and faba bean varieties and conducting related research in collaboration with colleagues.
Plant breedingIncreased Yeild, seed quality, Ascochyta blight resistance, herbicide tolerance and earliness.
Seed phenotypeDesi and Kabuli
Taxonomy cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae; Cicereae; Cicer
PloidyDiploid
Germplasm Data
The following germplasm data is currently available:
Stock TypeCount
Single Cross2,299
Triple Cross1,350
Individual568
Variety21
Backcross21
Double Cross14
DNA8
Multiple Cross7
Population2
cDNA1
Sequence & Variant Data
The following sequence and variant data are currently present:
Feature TypeCount
supercontig173,926
supercontig173,926
SNP106,838
SNP106,838
marker51,632
marker51,632
contig22,927
contig22,927
Projects
Varieties